Is Simultaneity an absolute concept ? What is the secret that allows particles to move ?
 In the examples on the previous page, the traveler on board the Space ship is not in a position to measure the time taken for the photon to move in both separate directions, but instead, if he is sitting at the " OD " position, he will be able to measure the time taken for the photon to complete the entire path from end, " OD ", to the opposite end and back again to " OD ". And so it does not matter which end of the space ship the " OD " and the traveler are positioned, the time measured for the photon to complete the round trip is always the same and still would be the same even if the space ship was traveling backwards. As we will see in Fig #13 down below, even if the space ship was moving sideways, if still traveling at 260,000 km per second, the time measured for the photon to complete the round trip, will still be the same. Hence, light is measured as being isotropic, therefore passing the Michelson and Morley tests, and so it is to be noted that the results of rotating the Michelson and Morley test apparatus to different test positions, is no different than rotating the Space ship such that it is moving either sideways, forwards, or backwards, and under all of these conditions, the results are the same. But these understandings of bi-directional measurements can throw people off track if only half the round trip is taken into account, or a half round trip is compared to a full round trip, such as in the following examples. Einstein used "gedanken" (thought) experiments to illustrate the consequences of his Special Theory of Relativity.    According to Einstein's Train thought experiment, Simultaneity is not an absolute concept and depends on the frame of reference. Looking at the above experiment, what has occurred is that lightning has simultaneously struck the train at both ends. From the red mans point of view, the lightning seems to have occurred at the two opposite ends of the train at the same time. From the green mans point of view, the lightning seems to have struck the front of the train first, since he sees the lightning flash occur at the front of the train first, and then another from the back of the train moments later. Therefore logic says that one event can be seen twice. What am I talking about ? In the above experiment, two simultaneous events seem to be both simultaneous and not simultaneous. To help clarify this point, I will reverse the experiment such that one event is all that is required. This time we will have only one bolt of lightning, and we will have mirrors at the opposite ends of the train. In this format, a single event would be seen TWICE if seen by looking at the mirrors. In the following example, we have a round trip light path compared to a less than complete round trip light path.
 If you observed only the light represented by the yellow brackets, then the green man would have seen the light reflected from the mirror on the front of the train first, and then the light reflected off the mirror at the back end of the train secondly, but not see it until the train is much further down the track. Meaning that if the green man was using binoculars and was looking in the forward direction, he would see the image in the mirror of the red man light up like a light bulb as the lightning hits the ground in front of him, and if then turned around and looked at the mirror at the back end of the train, he would again see the red man light up like a light bulb moments later. From his point of view, the poor red man was struck by lightning Twice. In the first Einstein train example, where there is no reflection, here the speed of the light coming from both ends of the train is seen as being identical speeds from the stationary observers point of view who is in the middle. In my example the results are the same, meaning that the speed of light is again seen as being identical speeds of light coming from both ends of the train, even after the light is reflected off these moving bodies, these moving mirrors. However, to add to the confusion, according to Einstein, Simultaneity is not an absolute concept and depends on the frame of reference, and so even though Einstein's example illustrates that two bolts of lightning strike the train at the opposite ends simultaneously, this is just an observation and may not actually be true. In my case the mirrors are in motion and this does not change the speed of the light that reflects off of these mirrors, and also in my case, it is only an observation that the light reflects off of both of these mirrors at the opposite ends of the train at the same time and so this too may not actually be true. So how is it that ALL of these different conditions of Simultaneity and Non-Simultaneity can both be, and also at the same time not be, and how can all of this occur in combination with the fact that reflection off a moving body does not effect the speed of light. This is explained in the next few paragraphs. So, does all this make any sense to you? Does the fact that the mirrors in motion are not effecting the speed of the light make sense to you? Let us verify this. Imagine that in this case the single bolt of lightning strikes the train in the middle where the green man is positioned. As shown in the above diagram, if the flash of light at the origin " O " is located in the middle of the train, then after having bounced off the mirrors it will reach the destination " D " which of course is also located in the middle of the train, and this occurs even though in this case the train is traveling at 260,000 km per second. Even in the case in which the observer is not onboard the train, the speed of light is also not effected by the fact that the mirrors are on the move relative to him ?   How can this be ?   The answer to the question is in the following statement !               With that taken into account, then the above example should produce the same results.   In this example we have two synchronized movie projectors positioned behind the viewers head, a pair of binoculars, along with six mirrors. By having the projectors along with the viewer and his binoculars being positioned in the middle, the timing is the same as in the previous example, and so the movie being watched by the viewers left eye will be synchronized with the movie being watched by his right eye. Therefore it does not matter whether the viewer and all that surrounds him, including the mirrors, are all moving together at 260,000 km per second, or at 10 km per hour, the results will be the same. But it is to be noted that each common set of images that are projected from the two synchronized movie projectors, will not actually reach the left and right end mirrors at the same time unless everything, other than the light, is at a stand still in space. In the above example, the situation is similar to my train example. It does not matter what the Velocity is, it takes longer for the light to reach the left eye than it does to reach the right, due to the fact that the light path for the left eye is longer than the light path for the right eye. And so in this case, if the distance between the end mirrors was 300,000 km, then it would take 1.25 sec. for the light to reach the left eye, and 0.75 sec. to reach the right eye. End result, the movie viewer would think that the two movie projectors were half a second out of phase with each other. Yes, there is a specific velocity in which the common set of images that are projected from the two synchronized movie projectors will bounce off the two end mirrors at the same time, as in my train example, but still the timing required to then reach the viewer in the middle will still not be equal since he is in motion, therefore still creating the phase shift between the left and right images. In Einstein's example, just because it appears as though two bolts of lightning have struck the train at the opposite ends at the same time, it does not mean that this is the actual case unless earth was not on the move through space but instead earth was at a complete standstill in space. And so I make my point. Just because two events may happen at the same time, it does not mean that it will appear this way to all viewers, or perhaps to any viewers at all. However, if you are at the position of a singular event as the event took place, this will cause what seems to be simultaneous events to take place at equal distances from you, such as the time when the light from the lightning reflects off the two mirrors which are positioned at equal distances from you, even though they may or may have not been actual simultaneous events. So it can get a little confusing. According to Einstein's purely " RELATIVISTIC " view of reality, Simultaneity does not exist.    This is NOT true !   One should be looking at the complete Holistic view and not just at the Relativistic point of view, and it must be understood that the Holistic point of view is greater than the sum of its parts, and therefore if one tries to explain it in relativistic terms, then you will end up with incomplete explanations. Proudler used his own (lateral thought) experiments to illustrate the consequences of his Absolute Theory of Relativity.    According to Proudler's Train and other of his lateral thought experiments,  Simultaneity  is  an absolute concept, but it can not be identified from a relativistic frame of reference, if moving in a consistent straight line. Einstein's postulate: (a) the speed of light is constant ( The same in all inertial frames, independent of the motion of the source and the same in all directions. ) is both leading and misleading because it is not constant relative to all inertial frames, but when  " Measured " it appears to be constant in all inertial frames, meaning it only  " Appears "  to be isotropic in all inertial frames. On the leading side it is correct to say that speed of light is constant across space within the universal frame of reference. To understand what is really happening, we must therefore continue to take the basic steps required to understand the complete outcome of changing ones direction of travel in Time-Space, meaning we must look at the situation from the Holistic point of view. Changing the direction of travel also changes ones perception of Time-Space itself, as we shall see shortly. In the above example, the train is in a rush, and is clipping along at 260,000 km per second, and at this speed its spatial length has contracted from 75,000 km to 37,500 km. According to Einstein, it is in its own independent reference frame.  A Clock is also positioned at each end of the train, and both are synchronized. Further on down the track, there are two more clocks, #3 & #4, which are also synchronized with each other, but in this case are ground based as is the train track. All clocks are being used as timers. Let us assume that from one end of the train to the other end, there are two narrow flex tubes that are hollow and have a mirror finish on the inside. The ends are capped, and inside of each tube, is a vacuum. These flex tubes will therefore function as optical fibers, but with there being a Vacuum inside, the speed of light will not be affected. Let us also assume that at the point further down the track where the track becomes a loop, that there are also two more flex tubes, each starting between clocks #3 & #4, with one completing the loop clockwise and ending at Clock #3, and the other completing the loop counter-clockwise and ending at Clock #4. Under these conditions, if lightning strikes between clocks #3 & #4, then we will note the time readings at both clocks #3 & #4 to record this event. The light will then travel down both flex tubes that are laid down between the tracks. When the light completes the clockwise path, the time will be noted at Clock #4. When the light completes the counter clockwise path, the time will be noted at Clock #3. Both time periods measured, will be the same, for the distances from end to end of both the counter clockwise and clockwise flex tubes are Equal. ( See GREEN and YELLOW light paths on the above diagram. ) However, these equal time period measurements do not apply to the time period measurements taken on the Train, as the train circles the loop. In this situation it is to be noted that we are not arguing whether or not two events are synchronized, because we have only one lightning strike, and not two as in Einstein's Train Thought experiment. In my Train experiment, we will note the time readings at both clocks #1 & #2 to record this lightning strike event. Again, as in the previous example, light will travel down the flex tubes, both clockwise across one, and counter clockwise across the other , but in this case these flex tubes are attached to the train, and therefore are in motion with the Train. When the light completes the clockwise path, the time will be noted at Clock #2(Red). When the light completes the counter-clockwise path, the time will be noted at Clock #1(Blue). Both time periods measured, will  NOT  be the same, for the two distances that light must travel, are  NOT  Equal, due to the Train, and the destination clocks, moving further down the track. ( See RED and BLUE light paths on the above diagram. ) This is presently known as the SAGNAC Effect. What we have here is a case in which the time taken for light to cross from one end of the train to the other, is not the same when in the opposite direction. This has been tested and confirmed by setting up a rotating test apparatus known as the SAGNAC INTERFEROMETER, which detects Change in interference patterns, and the position of the interference fringes is dependent on the Angular Velocity of the rotating SAGNAC INTERFEROMETER apparatus itself. My previous pages, and Logic, say that this inequality must also apply if the train is moving in a straight line, even though Einstein's Theory of Special Relativity says not. If not, this means that as the train moves down the straight track, the time taken for light to travel from end to end of the Train, is to be equal in both directions, then, as it proceeds to do the loop, the time taken for light to travel from end to end of the Train, is  NOT  to be equal in both directions , then, after it completes the loop and returns to the straight track, the time taken for light to travel from end to end of the Train, is to be equal in both directions once again.   ???   In other words, if just after the lighting struck, we popped up mirrors at the ends of the train such that most of the light could then be reflected back and forth from end to end as the train proceeded onward, then this implies that the behavior of the light will somehow change after the train has left the loop, such that from here onwards the light is to magically travel from either end to the other in equal time. In this Train example, we have also synchronized the clocks once again when the lightning strikes between the Engine and the Caboose, and this effect of synchronizing will be carried with each clock after leaving the loop and returning to the straight track. Logic says that when the train has returned to the straight track, light will still take much longer to travel from end to end of the train when the light is moving in the same direction as the train itself is moving, in comparison to the time taken for light to complete the trip in the opposite direction. This is true, however, those onboard the train will disagree.   Is this due to the " Magic " of Relativity ?   NO.   As we will see shortly, it is due to the specific direction of travel across Time-Space.

To make motion across space possible, all particles must simulate having an existence at more than just one place, just as in the case of the hypothetical flexible object mentioned on page one of the introduction. I say simulate, becauseimpossible is impossible, and so it can not truly be present at more than one place.

So what is the SECRET ?

To make motion across space possible, all particles must have a spin property . With a spin axis tilting across both time and space, this allows the particle to simulate its existence being at more than just one place at one time, and more than one time at one place. However, in actual fact, it rotates back and forth across Time as well as rotating across Space, all while it is in the process of moving.  Bingo, this makes the birth of motion possible.  Therefore, if the particles are now in motion through space at 260,000 km per second, not only have we changed the direction of travel of the particles, but we have also rotated the spin axis of the particles even further, such that less rotation is extended across space, and more of the rotation is now extended across the time dimension.

FIG. # 12

But this contraction across the Spatial Plane, only occurs in the direction of travel. Therefore, as shown in the next diagram FIG. #13, even if our Space Ship was traveling sideways at 260,000 km per second, the space ship length would remain as 75,000 km, but the Time periods measured on the travelers clock will still be affected and can be calculated using the equation on the right of FIG. #12 above.

In FIG. # 13 below, the actual path across space, between the Origin and the Destination or (a * 2), is (150,000 km * 2), meaning  300,000 km. However, with the traveler being totally unaware of this side traveling at 260,000 km per second, the additional 150,000 km distance across space, is not seen by the observer in motion, hence the distance the light moves from end to end of the space ship, is still 75,000 km * 2 ( 150,000 km ) , and the time period ( t2 - t1 ) measured on the clock onboard the space ship indicates only 0.5 of a second rather than 1 second ( t2o - t1o ).  150,000 km in 0.5 sec = 300,000 km per second,  and so the measurement of the speed of light is still the same standard 300,000 km per second even under these side motion circumstances. Therefore once again the results are in agreement with that of the Michelson and Morley tests taken in 1887, and others alike taken more recently.

FIG. # 13

Based on the examples of both Forward and Side travel, it is shown that both result in the same Time - Space distance covered by each photon moving from the Origin and the Destination ( 424,264 (km) ). In both cases, the observer onboard the Space Ship sees it as a round trip across a 75,000 km distance, completed in 0.5 of a second.

In the above example, we have a Photon traveling from the bottom of the Tower to the top, and back down to the bottom of the Tower. If the Tower height ( H) is 75,000 km tall when at rest, then it would take the Photon 1/2 of a second to complete the round trip of 150,000 km, since the speed of light is 300,000 km per second. If however, the Tower was on a cart, and the cart was traveling at 260,000 km per second, the height of the Tower would remain as 75,000 km ( ), L1 and L2 would each be 130,000 km, but the light paths #1 ( CP1 ) and #2 ( CP2 ) would now each be 150,000 km, therefore bringing the total to 300,000 km. The end result is that in one second ( t) from the stationary observers point of view, the light will have traveled a total of 300,000 km, and so once again, the measured speed of light is 300,000 km per second. If on the other hand one stays with the Tower while it is on the move, the total time period observed is 1/2 of a second, ( ) , and it appears as though the photon has traveled up 75,000 km and down 75,000 km (150,000 km total) in that 1/2 a second time period, just the same as it was seen to be when the Tower was at rest. Therefore, to both a stationary observer, and the observer who is on the move with the Tower, the speed of light is still measured to be the same 300,000 km per second.

In this next example above, I show the Tower on its side ( Picture 2x larger ). While at rest on its side, it still requires 1/2 of a second for the Photon to complete one round trip. If the Tower is also on the moving cart, and moving at a velocity of 260,000 km per second, the results are the same as in the Space Ship example on the previous page, and the length of the Tower on its side will contract from 75,000 km ( H), to 37,500 km ( ). In this case, both the light path #1 ( CP1 ) and L1 are 280,000 km long, and both the return path ( CP2 ) and L2 are 20,000 km long. And so, the total light path is 280,000 km + 20,000 km = 300,000 km, and the total path is completed in 1 second ( t) . Here again the stationary observer measures the speed of light as 300,000 km per second. If on the other hand one stays with the Tower while it is on the move, the total time period observed is 1/2 of a second, ( ) , and, due to being unaware of the contraction of the Tower, it appears as though the photon has traveled to the right 75,000 km and to the left 75,000 km (150,000 km total) in that 1/2 a second time period, just the same as it was seen to be when the Tower was at rest. Therefore, to both a stationary observer, and the observer who is on the move with the Tower, the speed of light is still measured to be the same 300,000 km per second.

It is to be noted that in the above ( t) equation, c - v and c + v do not imply that the speed of light has been altered, but we are simply taking the movement of the Tower into account relative to the speed of that light. As stated previously, when light reflects off of a moving body, it does not change the velocity of that light, and in the next paragraph, it is also made clear that a moving body that emits light does not change the velocity of that light, but that the light remains at the velocity of 300,000 km per second relative to the universal background.

As previously stated, there is the consistency of the Holistic spin diameter. However, the Holistic spin axis changes under situations such as when a mass particle has a greater percentage of its constant motion moving through Space and less through Time than previously. In figure #8 of Part Two of Four Dimensional Particles, the Meson decays while at rest in space and in motion in time. If on the other hand the Meson was in motion through space at the time of the decay, one would expect the motion of the photons to no longer be 300,000 km per second across Space. But this is only the conclusion one draws if one overlooks the change of the Holistic axis angle of the Meson that has occurred as the result of, and in combination with, its new motion across Space and new less motion across Time. For one Axis of the two Axis of the Meson, the Spatial angular motion is increased in the reverse direction as the result of the overall shift in the Meson's axis across Time-Space, and hence for the other Photon, the Spatial angular motion in the forward direction has decreased. Therefore, one Photon that is released at the point of decay, is heading in the opposite direction than the Meson was traveling across Space, but at ( 300,000 km per sec. + v ) speed relative to the velocity of the Meson. This cancels out any effect the Meson's velocity has in attempting to change the universal 300,000 km per second velocity of Photons across Space. The other Photon that is released at the point of decay, is heading in the same direction as the Meson was traveling across Space, but at a ( 300,000 km per sec. - v ) speed. This again cancels out any effect the Mesons velocity has in attempting to change the universal 300,000 km per second velocity of Photons across Space.

This affect applies to all matter while in motion across Space, as it releases a Photon or Photons.

In the diagram above, the arrows indicate both the percentage of the Holistic spin which is in motion across Space, and the percentage of the Holistic spin which is in motion across Time. When at rest in space, there is balance between Photon #1 and Photon #2 in determining how fast the Photons will travel across Space once released. In the above diagram on the right, the Meson is in motion across Space at a high velocity. In this case, the axis have rotated as expected due to the rotation in the direction of travel in Time-Space. The Holistic spin of Photon #1 has rotated such that the spatial angular spin has increased. The Holistic spin of Photon #2 has rotated such that the spatial angular spin has decreased. The end result of this axis rotation, is that both Photons once released will be of equal (c) velocity across space, by having canceled out any effects given by the velocity of the Meson itself. Therefore we can say that there does exist the case of ( c + v ) and ( c - v ) velocities which in turn set and maintain the universal velocity of light to 300,000 km per second.

The foolish argument that many Physicists make to support their version of Einstein's claims, which is that light travels in all directions at the same speed within any inertial frame, is based upon using a moving light source as part of the proof. As an example, they say that

'' If light does involve ( c + v ) and ( c - v ) velocities, then the light from a binary star system should produce multiple images if the system is sufficiently far from Earth. This is because the light that is emitted from such stars as they approach Earth during their orbit, will travel faster than the light that is emitted from them as they recede away from Earth, meaning that the faster moving light emitted at a later time when such a star approaches Earth, will eventually overtake the slower moving light emitted at an earlier time when the star was receding away from Earth. This then would result in the capture of the multiple images of the star as the later emitted light overtakes the earlier emitted light. But multiple images do not occur, therefore this does not involve ( c + v ) and ( c - v ) velocities ''

This of course is a clear cut mistake due to a constant dedication to assumption, in this case being backward assumption. As I said, light is always emitted from a moving body at the speed of light in any direction relative to the Universal background medium, but it is NOT emitted at the speed of light relative to the moving body itself, nor is it moving at the velocity of the speed of light in all directions relative to a moving frame of reference . The ( c + v ) and ( c - v ) velocities truly DO exist, but in the exact opposite manner than that spoken of in the above quotation.

And so from this we can conclude that the above Michelson-Morley experiment in a way proves that the speed of light is isotropic in the universal frame of reference, but it does not in anyway imply that light actually is isotropic relative to any moving frame of reference, but that light may be measured to be isotropic due to the specific properties of a moving frame of reference that differ from one moving frame of reference to another. We will get into these properties shortly.

Since the test apparatus here on the earth is on the move as the earth is circling the sun at " v " speed, then the Blue light path can be seen as being the same as the light path up and down across the Tower while in its standing position, and the Green light path is the same as the light path back and forth across the Tower while it is laying on its side. In both cases the Time period measured is equal, for in both cases the time period (
) will be calculated to be the same no matter what the velocity (v) of earth is as it orbits the sun. Again, Einstein states that light travels in all directions at the same speed within any inertial frame, and so this means that if one is onboard the Michelson-Morley experiment itself as it is on the move across Space, even if you are moving at a high velocity, the light will seem to travel in all directions at the same speed within this inertial frame, even though in truth the light does take a longer route to travel in the same direction as is the motion across Space, and it takes a much shorter route when going in the opposite direction. Why does light " SEEM " to be crossing equal distances in equal time periods from the travelers point of view ? We are about to find out, so keep reading.

It is to be clearly noted that there are two constant motions.

 Number 1 - The " c " constant motion of mass particles. The direction of travel of these particles within the complete Holistic Time-Space, can be changed by us. Number 2 - The " c times the square root of two " constant motion of massless particles, such as photons in which we can change the direction of travel of these particles in the Relativistic Space only, meaning we can only determine the direction of the travel that the percentage of the constant motion extending across space is to be. Therefore we can not reduce its motion across time nor space, but are limited to governing its direction of travel across space only.

Taking into account the consistent motion of all objects, the proper reference would be seen from the Universal point of view.

Einstein, in chapter 3 of Space and Time in Classical Mechanics, made the following statement.